In Great Britain in 2019 78 percent of the dairy cows was of the Holstein Friesian breed (including British Holstein, British Friesian, Friesian and Holstein breeds). This was 82 percent in 2014. (Source: BCMS)
In the United Kingdom the consumption of liquid milk in 2018 (70 litres per capita) was 50 percent of the consumption in 1974 (140 litres per capita).
In Ireland starting 2022 it will be forbidden to use treatment for drying up on all dairy cows on the farm. From 2022 treatment for drying up will only be allowed on cows of which it is needed, for example because of udder problems.
In Ireland a comparison by Teagasc between cows in early lactation milking once a day or twice a day showed that there was no difference in milk yield until four weeks lactation and there was no difference in cumulative solids yield during the whole lactation and there was no difference in somatic cell count.
In Ireland at the end of 2019 from the dairy farms 44 percent recorded milk production.
Irish dairy farms produced in 2019 for the first time more than eight million tonnes milk. Irish milk production increased in 2019 0.43 million tons or 5.3 percent to 8.23 million tonnes.
In Finland few dairy farms have suffered from a very strange problem. Birds called great tits (latin name Parus major) have gone to cow sheds and have pecked the udders of cows so that some cows must even have been slaughtered after the bird attacks. Nobody knows the reason for this very odd behaviour, but it is supposed that the birds are after milk fat. The winter has been unusually warm in south Finland but unusually cold and snowy in north Finland where the most of the attacks have happened.
In Finland milk production was last year one percent less than during 2018. Total production was 2262 million litres. Production of organic milk was 74 million litres which was seven percent more than during 2018. Production of liquid milk products was four percent less than in 2018, production of butter was two percent bigger than in 2018 and production of cheeses was four percent bigger than in 2018.
In Finland the ministry of agriculture and forestry is planning to tighten the regulation concerning the ear tags of cattle. It is planned that all the newborn calves must have electronic ear tags after 2020. Reason for this is that electronic ear tags would make it easier and more secure to handle cattle in slaugterhouses and also when authorities control cattle on farm. They would also reduce work on the farm when sending cattle to slaughter. The new regulation shall take effect during the last months of this year at earliest. Current about 60 percent of the Finnish cattle have electronic ear tags. They are more common on beef farms than on dairy farms.
In Austria in the milk recording year from October 1, 2018 till September 30, 2019 were 82 percent of the dairy cows joined in an official milk recording program. This was in 1.3 percent more than in the previous year. Average production of the recorded cows was 7792 kilogram milk with 4.13 percent fat and 3.42 percent protein. This was 68 kilogram milk more than in 2018. In the milk recording year 2018/2019 milk production was official recorded on 19257 farms with 427492 cows. This was 2.3 percent farms less and 0.2 percent cows less than in the previous year. The average number of cows per farm was 22.2 which was 0.5 head more than in the previous year. In the state Tirol the number of cows per farm was with 11.8 the lowest of all states, in the state Burgenland with 41 cows per farm the highest. In Burgenland with 8913 kilogram was also the average milk production the highest.
In Germany in December 2019 compared to November 2019 the raw material or compound value of milk at farm increased 0.4 eurocent to 36.1 eurocent per kilogram milk with 4.0 percent fat and 3.4 percent protein (exclusive VAT). This is 5.4 eurocent more than in the same month last year. The highest future price of milk for the next 18 months on the Kieler Börsenmilchwert European Energy Exchange is the price for April till July 2021 at 37.8 eurocent. The lowest future price is the price for January 2020 at 35.9 eurocent. www.ife-ev.de
In Germany in the milk recording period from October 2018 until September 2019 the average milk production per recorded cow was 8907 kilogram with 4.07 percent fat and 3.46 percent protein. This is 57 kilogram milk more than in the previous year. Average milk production was the highest in the eastern state Sachsen-Anhalt 9809 kilogram and the lowest in the southern state Bavaria with 8045 kilogram. In whole Germany on 40570 farms with total 3524505 cows was the milk production recorded. This was 4.6 percent less farms and 2.0 percent less cows than in the year before. The average somatic cell count was 238000 per milliliter.
In Germany research of the University of Veterinary Medicine Hanover shows that calves that after birth are made dry and are in a warm environment take sooner and more clostridium in. This calves got a higher level of anti-bodies in their blood and where more active.
In Holland a scientist of the University of Utrecht has found that drinking raw cow milk can protect against allergic asthma and feed allergy. Common industrial processing of raw milk destroys the bioactive whey proteins that are making the protection.
In Holland dairy farmers that milk cows from a threatened original Dutch breed can get a subsidy of 150 euro per cow per year. The subsidy is available for cows of the original Fries Holland (Dutch Friesian) breed, the Red and White Friesian breed, the Groningen White-Headed breed, the Dutch Belted and the Deep-Red breed.
In Holland a scientist of Wageningen University and Research states that in Holland dry cows for their own maintenance need 26 percent more energy than general is assumed. This because of that Dutch cows last 40 years after crossing with Holstein Friesians became much bigger.
In Holland average income of regular dairy farmers fell in 2019 according to provisional analyses 6500 euro to 31000 euro. The average income of organic dairy farmers fell 8500 to average 28000 euro.
In Holland, a group of 11 dairy farmers have summoned Rabobank to appear to court because the bank should have warned them for the risk of increasing their dairy farm when they took out a mortgage from the bank. In the years 2013 till 2015 when they took out a mortgage the bank knew already that there would come more strict criteria by law for emission of phosphate but did not warn the farmers for this, they complain. This with the consequence that when the more strict criteria in 2016 became law the farmers were not allowed to fill their new build barns with cows but had them to keep partly empty, the farmers complain. The farmers want from Rabobank compensation, up to millions of euros. Rabobank disagrees with the complaints and states that farmers as companies are responsible for their own business decisions.
The Holland headquartered dairy cooperative Royal FrieslandCampina updates the calculation of the guaranteed farmers milk price since the beginning of 2020. The guaranteed price is the price that RFC guarantees to pay to the members for the milk supplied. RFC applies two guaranteed prices: one guaranteed price for regular farms and a guaranteed price for organic and biodynamic farms. The old guaranteed price corresponded with the average prices for farm milk for a number of dairy companies and countries in North-west Europe, including subsequent payment, reservations in name, cooperative premiums and deductions. The old guaranteed price was based on public sources and is established independently of the result of FrieslandCampina. The change in the calculation means that FrieslandCampina will no longer take into account a number of deductions and premiums that reference companies pay when calculating its guaranteed price. Because of the accumulation of premiums, the FrieslandCampina guaranteed price was in danger of losing its conformity with the market in the long term, according to RFC. The old guaranteed price system used by RFC was based on the maximum premiums and deductions at the reference companies, whereas not all dairy farmers of these companies receive these premiums. Apart from this, FrieslandCampina also pays premiums itself, such as for sustainability, VLOG and grazing, to mention a few. RFC states that by no longer including the deductions and premiums for pasturing, VLOG, sustainability and not milk-related premiums in the calculation of the guaranteed price, FrieslandCampina will make sure that its guaranteed price remains in conformity with the market. The old guaranteed price was published per 100 kilos of milk with 3.4 percent protein, 4.41 percent fat and 4.51 percent lactose. In the past years, the milk has gradually become richer in proteins and lactose contents and less in fat. As a result of this, the difference between the published guaranteed price and the actually paid milk money gradually increased. To set things right, the standard contents have be adjusted to the actually supplied contents in 2019 as from 2020. So the new FrieslandCampina guaranteed price applies to 100 kg of milk with standard contents protein (3.57%), fat (4.41%) and lactose (4.53%), exclusive of VAT.
The Dutch mrs. Sieta van Keimpema, founder and vice president of the European Milk Board (EMB) has sold her around 70 dairy cows after dairy cooperative Royal FrieslandCampina a few month earlier stopped picking up their milk because the farm did not meet the RFC conditions.